Sarah Ansari – Children, Citizenship and the State in 1950s Pakistan

Sarah Ansari, Royal Holloway University of London Children, citizenship and the state in 1950s Pakistan This paper explores the position of children in 1950s Pakistan at the time when the new state was still in the process of working out its citizenship rules and responsibilities. It considers the evolution of Pakistan’s citizenship laws in the early 1950s; individual cases in …

Uditi Sen – Rehabilitation’s Residue: Recasting Refugee Women as ‘Permanent Liabilities’

Uditi Sen, University of Cambridge Rehabilitation’s Residue: Recasting Refugee Women as ‘Permanent Liabilities’ This paper explores the position of refugee women within the regime of refugee rehabilitation in post-colonial India. In order to rehabilitate or restore to normalcy millions of partition refugees, the independent Indian state was forced to articulate its vision of a normative social order. The anxiety caused …

Ravinder Kaur – Bodies of Partition: Gendered Subjects, ‘Social’ Work and the Limits of Moral Citizenship

12 August 2009 Ravinder Kaur, University of Copenhagen Bodies of Partition: Gendered Subjects, ‘Social’ Work and the Limits of Moral Citizenship This paper is about dislocation – of female bodies dislocated from the realm of the ‘domestic’ to the realm of the public. In India’s contemporary history, the moment of Partition is also the moment when ‘women’ appear in a …

Tommaso Bobbio – “Countrymen Within the City”: The Construction of Citizenship and the Rhetoric of “Slum Development” in Twentieth-Century Ahmedabad

Tommaso Bobbio, Royal Holloway University of London “Countrymen within the city”: the construction of citizenship and the rhetoric of “slum development” in twentieth-century Ahmedabad Industrial development and demographic growth have been two dominant features in the expansion of Ahmedabad city in the 20th century. Unplanned expansion of industrial neighbourhoods, migrations and urban poverty led thousands of casual and migrant labourers …

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Ilyas Chattha – Differential Treatment: Kashmiri Refugees’ Experience of Rehabilitation and Punjab-Centre Relations, 1947-1961

Ilyas Chattha, Southampton University Differential Treatment: Kashmiri Refugees’ Experience of Rehabilitation and Punjab-Centre Relations, 1947-1961 Despite the growing concerns of the ‘new history’ of Partition of India and its aftermath, until recently it has been dominated by the 1947 Punjab experience of migration and rehabilitation. This has been to the detriment of other regions such as Jammu which experienced a …

Taylor C. Sherman – Retribution, not Rehabilitation: Everyday Violence in the Aftermath of the Police Action in Hyderabad

Taylor C. Sherman, Royal Holloway University of London Retribution, not Rehabilitation: Everyday Violence in the Aftermath of the Police Action in Hyderabad This paper is concerned with the way violence was interpreted in the aftermath of the Police Action in Hyderabad in September 1948. It looks at the disjuncture between two different levels of thinking about the events which occurred …

William Gould – Policing, ‘Punishment’ and Quotidian Violence in Late Colonial and Early Independent North India

William Gould, University of Leeds Policing, ‘punishment’ and quotidian violence in late colonial and early independent north India Looking at policing UP, this paper examines the nexus between political power brokers and policemen, and the forms of violence and coercion that underpin this nexus between the 1910s and 1940s. It considers how complex forms of violence, involving social humiliation and …

Ornit Shani – Gandhi, Citizenship and the Resilience of Indian Nationhood

Ornit Shani, University of Haifa Gandhi, Citizenship and the Resilience of Indian Nationhood Among the main concerns that preoccupied Indian leaders before and after independence was the question of how to safeguard the country’s national unity, given its multifaceted and deep social divisions. How could the new state turn colonial subjects into citizens? The odds of India succeeding to become …