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Helen Graham – Border Crossings: Thinking about the International Brigaders before and after Spain

3 December 2009 – The International Brigaders fought for the democratic Republic during the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), later forming the core of early World War II Resistance movements. This lecture explores their origins in the broader history of the 20th century European diaspora; their significance as the antithesis of Hitler’s New Order; and their lives of perpetual border-crossing as a definition of dynamic social change.