Natasa Paripovic – The Academic movement in early modern Venetian Dalmatia: the city of Zadar (Croatia)

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Event Date: 17 – 18 September 2011
British Library Conference Centre
The British Library
96 Euston Road
London NW1 2DB

The Italian Academies 1525–1700 Project presents:

THE FIRST INTELLECTUAL NETWORKS OF EARLY MODERN EUROPE

This major international conference is being hosted as part of the AHRC funded research project The Italian Academies 1525-1700: the first intellectual networks of early modern Europe.

Academies represent a vital and characteristic dimension of early modern culture.
There were ca. 600 Academies in Italy in the period 1525-1700. Frequently international in membership, and in correspondence with scholars across Europe, they were fundamental to the development of the intellectual networks later defined as the ‘République des Lettres’, and to the dissemination of ideas in early modern Europe. Their membership included pioneering scientists, writers, artists, political thinkers, and representatives of both sexes and all social classes. The interests of the Academies ranged from the humanities, to the figurative and performance arts, natural sciences and medicine; many were interdisciplinary in their outlook and activities.

However, the social and cultural phenomenon of the Italian Academies has hitherto attracted relatively little research due in part to the wide range of their interests and difficulties in accessing relevant information.

The conference aims to explore research questions raised by the activities of Academies in this period.

Natasa ParipovicThe Academic movement in early modern Venetian Dalmatia: the city of Zadar (Croatia)

City of Zadar (Zara) on the eastern Adriatic coast was administrative centre of the Venetian Dalmatia, the Dominion within the Venetian Stato da Mar (Venetian maritime empire). During the period from 1526 to 1694 city of Zadar was a birthplace of three academies whose features revealed the existence of a distinctive concept of European cultural synthesis (Wilfried Potthoff).

Indicated that the first literary academy Accademia degli animosi  was established already in the year of 1562, but little is reliably known about the character of the academy. Recent musicological research confirm contacts with Calabrian composer Gian Domenico Martoretti who devoted his madrigals to some members of the Academy. As well as new research results confirmed the vivid existence of theatre in the second half of the 16th century’s Zadar. Judging by the information on better researched Accademia dei concordi founded around the same time (in 1584), it can be argued that academy in Zadar was in fact the first literary academy in the region of Dalmatia. Also we can say that this is the direction of the development which follows the earlier establishment of academies in the areas outside of Venice itself, hence Terraferma and Dalmatia. Second Zadar’s Academy – Accademia dei cinici – founded under the auspices of the Archbishop of Zadar in1664 (and lasted until 1678) shared common concern for the cultivation of the Latin language and literature. The most active members of Cinici were teacher of Latin Julius Zacarius and Archdeacon Valerius Ponte which cleary testifies that the primary goals of the Academy were in fact the reform of the existing school system and questions of general education.

Soon after Cinici, the third academy was founded – Accademia degli Incaloriti in1694, four years after the Roman Arcadia and completely in its spirit. With the Incaloriti the second wave of academic movement in Dalmatia begins. According to current research around 1700 in the city of Split (Spalato) was founded Akademia Illyrica, ilitivam slovinska following Arcadian tradition. Academies from Zadar and Split which were active at the end of the 17th century formulated the economic programme shaped according to model from the Venice itself (alliance between nobility and the church) but they came into conflict with Venetian centralism when strive to establish their own printing activity.

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