The Carceral Archipelago: transnational circulations in global perspective, 1415-1960

    

 

Event Dates: 13 – 16 September 2015
College Court Conference Centre
Knighton Road,
Leicester LE2 3UF

The Carceral Archipelago: Transnational Circulations in Global Perspective, 1415-1960

‘The Carceral Archipelago’ has been funded by the European Research Council (2013-18), under the direction of principal investigator Professor Clare Anderson. The project analyses the relationships and circulations between and across convict transportation, penal colonies and labour, migration, coercion and confinement. Its geographical scope is wide, and it incorporates all the global powers engaged in transportation for the purpose of expansion and colonization – Europe, Russia, Latin America, China, Japan. Its chronology stretches from Portugal’s first use of convicts in North Africa in 1415 to the dissolution of Stalin’s gulags in 1960. The project is using an innovative theoretical base to shift convict transportation out of the history of crime and punishment and into new questions that are being raised within global and postcolonial history, about the role of coercion and confinement within global expansion and divergence.

The project team is undertaking case study research on convict flows, penal colonies, and on the mobility of ideas and practices around transportation and other modes of confinement all over the world, and over this long period. The research team is working on the Caribbean, West Africa, Gibraltar, Russia, Portugal, Latin America, Japan, Australia and the Indian Ocean. We aim to redefine what we mean by ‘transportation,’ to explore penal colonies as engines of global change, to connect convict transportation to enslavement, indenture and other forms of coerced labour and migration, and to define the long-term impacts of penal colonies on economy, society and identity.

The project website is HERE

The Conference Programme:

[tab:13th September]

SUNDAY 13 SEPTEMBER 2015

Introduction by  Julie Coleman, Head of College of Arts and Humanities, University of Leicester

Play

Welcome by John Coffey, Head of School of History, University of Leicester

Play

Clare Anderson (Leicester) – The Carceral Archipelago Project

Play

accompanying images:

=============================================

Keynote Speaker 1:

Mary Gibson (CUNY) – Transportation Without Colonies: Perspectives on Internal Exile

Talk:

Play

Questions:

Play

Chair: Clare Anderson, University of Leicester

[tab:14th September]

MONDAY 14 SEPTEMBER 2015

Panel 1 – Connected Australia

Chair:  Ruth Lamont (Manchester)

Chris Holdridge (Sydney) – A Plague Upon the Ocean: Convicts, Immigration Restriction and Liberty of Movement in Britain’s Settler Colonies

AUDIO HERE

Kathrin Levitan (College of William and Mary) – ‘I Expect the Ship to Sail every Day’: Convicts and the Post in Nineteenth-Century Britain and Australia

AUDIO HERE

Chris Maxworthy (Sydney) – ‘These English Vermin Upon our Shores’. Sydney Cove and the Juan Fernandez Islands

AUDIO HERE

Kellie Moss and Katherine Roscoe (Leicester) – (Dis)connected Convict Systems: The Transportation of Imperial and Indigenous Convicts to and within Western Australia

AUDIO HERE

Discussant: Tim Causer (UCL):

Play

Discussant: Eureka Henrich (Leicester):

Play

Panel Questions:

Play

===================================================

Keynote Speaker 2:

Hilary Carey (Bristol) – Religion, Reformation and Terror in the British Carceral Archipelago

Chair: Eureka Henrich (Leicester)

AUDIO HERE

===================================================

Panel 2 –  France: 17th-20th centuries

Chair: Lorraine Paterson (Oxford)

Marie Houllemare (Amiens) – An Experimental Penal Colony in the French Caribbean: The Fort-Royal ‘niggers chain’ (Martinique, 1764-1790)

AUDIO HERE

Nicolas Derasse (Lille 2 University) – The Prison Administration in Morocco under the Era of the French Protectorate: The Improbable Control of an Institution

AUDIO HERE

Briony Neilson (Sydney/ Monash) – ‘Moral Rubbish in Close Proximity’: International Debates on French Penal Colonization in the Late Nineteenth Century

AUDIO HERE

Discussant: Marc Renneville (CNRS Paris):

Play

Discussant: Matthias van Rossum (IISH, Amsterdam):

Play

Panel Questions:

Play

====================================================

Panel 3 – Early Modern and Modern transportation: Comparative Approaches

Chair: Christian G. De Vito (Leicester)

Johan Heinsen (Aalborg) – A “Multitude of Indomitable People” How Convicts Shook the Danish Atlantic

AUDIO HERE

Jennie Jeppesen (Melbourne) – Two Halves of a Whole: The Changes of British Convict Transportation Between Virginia 1611-1776 and Australia 1788-1840

AUDIO HERE

Matthias van Rossum (IISH, Amsterdam) – ‘To be send to the island Allelande’: Convict Islands, Transport and Labour under Dutch East India Company (1650-1800)

AUDIO HERE

Stephanie Mawson (Cambridge) – Unfree Migration in the Seventeenth Century Spanish Pacific: Convict Transportation Between Mexico and the Philippines

AUDIO HERE

Eva Mehl (North Carolina) – Transportation of Mexican Recruits and Vagrants to the Philippines: Relationships of Power in the Periphery of the Spanish Empire, 1765-1811

AUDIO HERE

Discussant: Gwenda Morgan (Newcastle):

Play

Discussant: Timothy Coates (College of Charleston):

Play

Panel Questions:

Play

===================================================

Launch of www.convictvoyages.orgWe Are Epic, Web Developers

 

[tab:15th September]

TUESDAY 15 SEPTEMBER 2015

Panel 4 – Internal Colonization/Inner Frontiers

Chair: Teresa Bass-Foster (Maryland)

Francesca Di Pasquale (NIOD, Amsterdam) – The Transient Borders of Penal Colonies: A Comparison Between the Italian Agricultural Penal Colonies in Sardinia and in Libya (1890-1925)

AUDIO HERE

Ryan Edwards (Cornell University) – The Open-Door Panopticon: Exploring Prison and Place in Southern Patagonia, 1902-1947

AUDIO HERE

Minako Sakata (Tomakomai Komazawa University/Leicester) – Erasing Convict and the Indigenous: ‘Internal Colonisation’ in Hokkaido as a Process to Transform the External into the Internal

AUDIO HERE

Discussant: Ben Phillips (UCL):

Play

Discussant: Jessica Hinchy (Nanyang Technological University, Singapore):

Play

Panel Questions:

Play

===================================================

Keynote Speaker 3:

Hamish Maxwell-Stewart (Tasmania) – State and the Crowd: Why Numbers are Important to the Writing of the History of Convict Transportation

Chair: Christian G. De Vito (Leicester)

AUDIO HERE

===================================================

Panel 5 – Penal Transportation, Slavery and Other Forms of Coerced Labour

Chair: Clare Anderson (Leicester)

Sarah Pemberton (University of South Florida) – ‘Jail, with the chance of being drowned’: Convict Transportation and the Meaning of Slavery in Locke’s Political Thought

AUDIO HERE

Lauren Bell (Hull) – Murder, Torture and Pain: A Comparative Analysis of Punishment Onboard Slave and Convict Ships, 1787 – 1807

AUDIO HERE

Christian G. De Vito (Leicester) – Entanglements and Disentanglements of Coerced Migrations: Convict Transportation and Slave Trade to and Within Spanish America, 1701-ca.1820s

AUDIO HERE

Enrique Martino (Humboldt University) – Imperial Constructions of Hard Labour: Vagrancy, Prisons and Public Works in Twentieth Century Fernando Po.

AUDIO HERE

Discussants: Ebony Jones (New York University):

Play

Discussant: Anita Rupprecht (Brighton):

Play

Panel Questions:

Play

==================================================

Panel 6 – Political Prisoners

Chair: Mary Gibson (CUNY)

Ilaria Poerio (Reading) – The Fascist Confino: A School of Dissent

AUDIO HERE

Kelly Hignett (Leeds Beckett University) – The Evolution of Forced Labour Camps in Czechoslovakia, 1945-1961

AUDIO HERE

Milica Prokic (Bristol) – Human, Body, Stone: Environmental History of Barren Island as a Part of Yugoslav Political Prison Archipelago (1949-1956)

AUDIO HERE

Grace Huxford (Bristol) – Carceral Confessions: Life-Narrative Practices of Prisoners of War in the Korean War (1950-1953)

AUDIO HERE

Discussant: Natasha Pairaudeau (Cambridge):

Play

Discussant: Paul Moore (Leicester):

Play

Panel Questions:

Play
[tab:16th September]

WEDNESDAY 16 September 2015

Panel 7 – Tzarist, Soviet, and Post-Soviet Russia

Chair: Judith Pallot (Oxford)

Sharyl Corrado (Pepperdine University) – Punishment or Correction?  The Contradictory Purposes of the Sakhalin Penal Colony

AUDIO HERE

Carrie Crockett (Leicester) – Engendering Sakhalin: The Agency of Female Prisoners on Sakhalin

AUDIO HERE

Alain Blum (EHESS, Paris) & Emilia Koustova (Strasbourg) – To Exclude and to Integrate: Intertwining of Registers of Action and Actors of Stalinist Deportations in the WWII Aftermath in Lithuania and Ukraine

AUDIO HERE

Zhanna Popova (IISH, Amsterdam) – Confinement and Flux: Experiences of Soviet Prisoners [read by Matthias van Rossum (IISH, Amsterdam)]

AUDIO HERE

Tyler C. Kirk (Arizona State University) – Gulag Returnees and Memory in Post-Soviet Russia

AUDIO HERE

Discussant: Aidan Forth (Loyola University Chicago):

Play

accompanying images:

Zoe Knox (Leicester):

Play

Panel Questions:

Play

==================================================

ROUNDTABLE

Participants:

Clare Anderson, Timothy Coates, Judith Pallot, Lorraine Paterson, Carrie Crockett, Christian G. De Vito, Eureka Henrich, Sarah Longair, Takashi Miyamoto, Kellie Moss, Mikhail Nakonechny, Katherine Roscoe, Minako Sakata

Chair: Hamish Maxwell-Stewart (Tasmania)

Play

 

 

 

share this entry: