Event Date: 15 – 17 May 2019
Richmond University – The American University in London
Richmond TW10 6JP
A Century of Radical Right Extremism: New Approaches
Federica Frazzetta (University of Catania) – Not only populist parties: a comparative analysis on CasaPound Italia and Forza Nuova in Italy
The growing literature on extreme right-wing parties are mainly focused on populist parties. However, the galaxy of the extreme right-wing parties does not concern only the populist ones. In Italy, for instance, such galaxy is composed also by niche parties. One of this is called Forza Nuova (FN), founded at the end of Nineties by Roberto Fiore, one of the founders of Terza Posizione, an extreme right-wing subversive group active during the Seventies in Italy. Another party is CasaPound Italia (CPI), a group that started at the beginning of the new millennium by squatting social centres and houses for Italians only in Rome, and that nowadays is a national political party, with representatives elected in some municipalities. During the last general elections in Italy, media and political commentators have focused on such actors and a part of the electoral campaign developed on the cleavage fascism/antifascism, has never happened in the history of the second republic. Even if both CPI and FN did not enter in the national parliament, they are the only two political parties belonging to the extreme right-wing galaxy that were able to participate in the general elections in Italy. Thus, they are two important actors in the galaxy, but poor studies have been done considering them as political parties, therefore actors interested in being elected.
In this contribution, I will present some findings of my PhD research project. Here, I will investigate CPI and FN considering them political parties that, on the contrary of bigger and traditional parties, use different forms of action typical of traditional political parties but also of social movements. In order to analyse them, I have collected data on their collective actions (including conventional and unconventional ones) since 2010 to nowadays, in order to compare them, the issues they deal with and the actors they cooperate at a local and national level.