Katherine Kondor – Activists with nothing to protest? Shifts in Hungarian radical right organisations under a radical right government

 

 

 

Event Date: 15 – 17 May 2019
Richmond University – The American University in London
Queen’s Rd,
Richmond TW10 6JP

The Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right in partnership with Richmond, the American University in London presents:

A Century of Radical Right Extremism: New Approaches

Katherine Kondor (University of Huddersfield) – Activists with nothing to protest? Shifts in Hungarian radical right organisations under a radical right government

The radical right has been on the rise in Hungary since the transition in the late 1980s. The political sphere has seen a few explicitly radical right political parties gain seats in parliament since that time, namely The Hungarian Justice and Life Party (MIÉP) and Jobbik, with Jobbik gaining over 20% of the vote in the 2014 elections and 19% in 2018. In the last few years, however, Orbán’s ruling Fidesz party has undergone a significant shift, from conservative right to what many now consider radical right. They’ve essentially turned Hungary into a one-party government, ousted a private University from the country, started crusades against ‘migrants’ and George Soros, introduced the teaching of ‘Christian’ and ‘national’ values to the kindergartens, pulled funding from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and banned gender studies in the country. At the same time, smaller street-level radical right organisations have been numerous and strong in Hungary, with their own blend of nationalist attitudes. These activist organisations have been radical in their anti-Roma, anti-Semitic, strongly irredentist, and often pan-Turanist attitudes, blended with anti-EU, anti-liberal, and xenophobic sentiments. This paper will examine what happens to these radical right street-level organisations when their attitudes and ideology become congruent with that of the ruling elite, and in what way these organisations must shift and change to remain relevant as activists under a radical right government

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