Event Date: 15 – 17 May 2019
Richmond University – The American University in London
Richmond TW10 6JP
A Century of Radical Right Extremism: New Approaches
Sadie Chana (University of Kent) – Anti-Muslim hate: The wider experience
This paper aims to address the research question under what conditions do racial and religious hate crimes occur across England and Wales through the use of a mixed methods approach. Each of the methods used will investigate the influence culture, economic circumstances and the ideology of the extreme right-wing has on the perpetration of hate crime. As ethnic minorities are considered by some as posing a cultural threat to their way of life, as well as an economic one in relation to their job security and welfare it is considered that areas with a high proportion of minority communities will experience a higher rate of hate crime. The ideology of the extreme right-wing promotes the incompatibility of minorities and in particular, Muslims, to the British way of life and thus the expectation is that areas with extreme right-wing activity will have a higher rate of hate crime. Importantly this thesis also addresses two key issues within the hate crime literature. The first is the extent to which victims, and others consider race and religion to be distinct characteristics and aspects of their identity, or whether they are fluid and co-occur. The second is the experience and impact of anti-Muslim hate and Islamophobia by those who are ‘misidentified’ by perpetrators as being Muslim, and the consequences this can have upon the victim and their community. Connected to this is the function and use of third party reporting centres which are intended to address the issue of the underreporting of hate crimes by being accessible within hard to reach communities. The findings from this research indicate that more research needs to be as to how these centres are used, and how the hate crime initiatives can be improved so that they helping the victims of hate crime, and limit future perpetration.